In Italy, which is entering the election atmosphere, the main opposition far-right Brothers of Italy Party (FdI), led by Giorgia Meloni, comes first in opinion polls.
Meloni seems to have a wave of support that could make her Italy’s first female prime minister and the country’s first far-right leader since World War II.
Although the FdI has neo-fascist roots and highlights traditional issues such as Christianity, patriotism, motherhood and family values, Meloni says voters are weary of such debates and tries to allay concerns about her party’s ideological past.
However, there are analyzes that such a legacy cannot be easily escaped.
His party’s symbol, for example, includes a tricolor flame image taken from a neo-fascist party formed shortly after the end of the war.
If the Brothers of Italy win the ballot box on September 25, and Meloni, 45, becomes prime minister, it will be 100 years after the country’s fascist dictator Benito Mussolini came to power in October 1922.
Meloni introduced Caio Giulio Cesare Mussolini, the great-grandson of the dictator, as his party’s candidate for the European Parliament in 2019, but the grandson Mussolini lost the election.
Lorenzo Pregliasco, director of the polling company YouTrend, says that for most Italian voters, questions about anti-fascism and neo-fascism “do not matter as much about who they vote for”: “(Italian voters) see it as part of the past, not part of the present. “
Meloni, on the other hand, is very sensitive to international observations about his potential prime ministership and prefers the term “conservative” to “extreme right” to describe his party.
Recently recorded in English, French and Spanish in the video messageHe claimed that the Italian right ‘made fascism a thing of the past decades ago’, saying it ‘strongly condemned the suppression of democracy and shameful anti-Semitic laws’.
These statements were a reference to Italy’s 1938 laws that prohibited the participation of the Jewish community in work, education and other areas of daily life.
These laws paved the way for the deportation of large numbers of Italian Jews to Nazi death camps during the German occupation of Rome in the final years of World War II.