Presidency’s Directorate of Communications held a “UN Security Council Reform” panel in London

Moderated by the Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Studies (SETA) Washington DC Research Director Assoc. Dr. Kılıç Buğra Kanat, Rector of Altınbaş University and Member of Presidency Security and Foreign Policy Board Prof. Dr. Çağrı Erhan, Istanbul Nişantaşı University Faculty Member, Presidential Security and Foreign Policy Board Member Prof. Dr. Nurşin Güney, founder and director of Forward Thinking, Oliver McTernan, and author, analyst, former faculty member Paul EM Reynolds.

Kanat said that they started a project six months ago to reform the UN, and in this context, they worked with academics on how to determine an international roadmap.

Pointing out that an international network of policy makers, practitioners and academics has been established in a short time on how the structure of the UN can be transformed and decision-making mechanisms can be made more effective, Kanat said that in the last four months, he has been leading the world in this regard such as Rome, New York and London. He noted that they exchanged views with different stakeholders of the process by organizing panels in their respective cities.

Altınbaş University Rector and Presidential Security and Foreign Policy Board Member Prof. Dr. Cagri Erhan, on the other hand, stated that holding the panel in London was even more important since England is one of the five countries with veto right in the UN Security Council.

Reminding that the world has changed economically, politically and politically since 1945, when the UN was established, Erhan said, “In 1945, the world’s population was 2.5 billion. There were 51 independent countries that were members of the UN at that time. On the African continent, there were only 6 independent countries.” used the phrases.

Citing the Ukraine crisis as an example, Erhan emphasized that the current structure of the UN hardly allows the resolution of an international crisis involving one of the five member states that have the right to veto in the Security Council.

Erhan said, “We saw this mistake when the then US President Bush invaded Iraq with England with completely unfounded allegations.” said.

prof. Dr. Çağrı Erhan noted that the stance put forward by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan with the phrase “The world is bigger than five” about 10 years ago, within the changing global conditions, is gaining more and more support all over the world.

“Conflicts continue at 27 different locations around the world”

Author, analyst, former faculty member Paul EM Reynolds, on the other hand, said that although the UN was established after the Second World War with the aim of creating a safer world without wars, only a part of it has been achieved in the intervening time.

Reynolds said, “If you live in Europe, yes. You could say that since 1945 we have more or less experienced both peace and prosperity. But that’s certainly not true for many other parts of the world.” he said.

Paul EM Reynolds stated that, according to the data of the US-based think tank Council on Foreign Relations, over 100 wars have been fought in different geographies of the world since 1945, “Conflicts are currently continuing at 27 different points around the world.” said.

Reynolds, who underlined that approximately 822 million people in the world are still struggling with hunger today, said that 9 million people die every year due to starvation-related diseases all over the world.

Reynolds reminded that the UN also failed to solve the Palestine issue and said, “If it wanted to solve it by working with international political will, it could be solved. Preventing or resolving such ongoing conflicts is exactly what the UN was founded for. The (UN) failure to enforce norms and values, as in the case of Palestine, undermines the urgent need for reform.” commented.

Istanbul Nişantaşı University Faculty Member, Presidential Security and Foreign Policy Board Member Prof. Dr. Nurşin Güney, on the other hand, said that Turkey achieved an important success by mediating between Ukraine and Russia regarding the solution of international problems.

Referring to the grain corridor agreement, Güney said, “This is extremely important. Instead of watching what happened in this way, the increase in food prices or a food crisis was prevented.” used the phrase.

Güney stated that Turkey plays a very important role by keeping communication channels open with Ukraine and Russia and using diplomatic channels.

Oliver McTernan, the Founder and Director of Forward Thinking, stated that there were attempts to establish international organizations to ensure and protect peace and prosperity after the great wars, and said, “After the Second World War, there was a wave of optimism that prioritized peace in the world.” said.

Reminding that the League of Nations was established as a result of a similar wave of optimism after the First World War, McTernan said, “Of course, this situation brings to mind the question whether we should wait for a new World War to re-form the United Nations.” he said.

McTernan noted that the structure of the UN and the way the nations are represented should be reformed as soon as possible.

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